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Economic and Social Council


1) Water wars in Africa

In many countries, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa, it is difficult to access water resources. Historically, water has been a source of tensions and conflicts, being related to strategic advantage and basic human needs, which constitute the basis for every form of civilized society.
In a report by the African Development Bank (Water Sector Governance in Africa), the ADB claims that the only way to solve the water and sanitation crisis, which as plagued the African continent for over half a century, is by making people pay for it. But history warns that charging people for water could lead Africa into another water wars outbreak. AFD estimates that an annual 45 to 60 billion dollars is needed to improve Africa’s water infrastructure, but national budgets are not sufficient to bridge this multi-million dollar gap.

2) The global need for growth: more and better jobs for young people

The economic crisis is international, but almost global. Many countries suffer from unemployment, especially in Europe and the United States. It is easy to fight the crisis using tax cuts and spending review, which include blocks of the turnover and welfare policies, which do include the youth also for a lack of representation.