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Security Council

Topics

1) Peacekeeping mission in Haiti and the subsequent disease spread

The United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) was established on 1st June 2004 with the UNSC resolution 1542. Its purpose was to halt the civil conflict which spread in the Country and lead to the exile of President Bertrand Aristide.

On 12th January 2010 Haiti was the theatre of a devastating earthquake which resulted in more than 220.000 dead (country data). The UNSC issued a recommendation to increse the MINUSTAH force to support the country’s recovery and the stability.
In October 2010 a new threat affected the country: an outbreak of cholera, and the MINUSTAH Mission continued to mobilize in the effort to contain this epidemy.

2) Discussion over the establishment of an Arctic Nuclear-Weapon-Free-Zone

In the past few years, increased efforts by governements, diplomats and NGOs were made for the creation of specific Nuclear Weapons Free Zones (NWFZ). Today, the Arctic NWFZ and the Middle East NWFZ are under discussion. It is a difficult topic to address, affecting core security issues of some states already possessing nuclear weapons, but also affecting humanity: nuclear weapons are the only weapons which could bring global impacts, and the most damaging weapons, not only in terms of killing potential, but also in terms of environmental disasters and contamination.

An Arctic NWFZ is a “specified region in which countries commit themselves not to manufacture, acquire, test, or possess nuclear weapons”. Several international talks on the ANWFZ were recently made, such as the one held in Copenhagen, 10-11 August, 2009, arranged by the Danish Institute for International Studies. It is now time for the Security Council to address the issue.