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The United Nations Economic and Social Council

Topics

1. Possible Paths to Eradication of Extreme Poverty:

As a Millennium Development Goal, the eradication of extreme poverty stands as one of the most important goals of both the UNDP and the UN. To be accomplished by 2015, the UNDP has delineated three target points:

  1. 1a. reduce by half the proportion of people living on less than a dollar a day;
  2. 1b. achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people;
  3. 1c. reduce by half the proportion of people who suffer from hunger.

Extreme poverty is a universal and multidimensional phenomenon, which currently affects millions of people both in rich and poor countries. According to WHO statistics, one third of deaths – around 18 million people a year – are due to poverty-related causes.

Given that poverty is universal and has always existed, is it possible to completely eradicate it? What additional actions need to be taken in order to achieve the UN’s goal? What role do factors such as unexpected economic crisis or natural disasters play in the eradication of extreme poverty?

2. Empowerment of Local Communities in Rural Contexts:

Central governments are increasingly facing a lack of power to manage the complex reality within their borders, in urban as much as rural contexts: in many parts of the world, managing and safeguarding rural areas has become a primary source of debate for policy-makers and institutions. The density of population in these areas is usually very low, due to the need for cultivated land; moreover, agriculture has mutated into a capital-intensive activity rather than a labour-intensive one and this induced the people from rural areas to migrate to urban environments, in some cases with significant episodes of desertion and abandonment.

The aim for this session of the Economic and Social Council is to explore new possibilities to find if there can be a way to restore and empower rural areas, especially taking into account that these areas are normally poor in services and infrastructure, since they are not considered economically interesting by providers. In addition, local institutions are incapable of offering the same level of public services as in more densely populated areas, so local communities normally have to travel and move many kilometres in order to receive a specific treatment or find a specific good. Therefore, it appears evident that in an era where environmental issues are leading towards a re-evaluation of cultivable land, it is fundamental that at the international level an agreement over the most important guidelines and directive on this subject are found: thus, national governments might have a solid point of reference for their policies and pursue a new equilibrium within their borders.

chaired by
Ms НатальяКучеренко
(Natalia Kucherenko)

Ms Ioana Patrichi

Available Positions

Argentina*
Australia
Azerbaijan
Brazil*
China, People’s Republic*
Colombia
Cuba
Denmark
Dominican Republic
Ethiopia
France*
Gabon
India
Indonesia
Italy*
Japan
Luxembourg
Mexico*
Morocco
Pakistan
Qatar
Republic of Korea
Russian Federation*
Rwanda
South Africa
Togo
Turkey
United Arab Emirates*
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland*
United States of America*

*For this positions, experience is preferred.